Standard

Posted: 09/05/07


 

 R State Standard         £ Institutionally Developed          College: N/A

 

DMS 131 – Foundations of Sonography       

 

Course Description

This course introduces the student to the field of sonography.  Course work also includes information concerning medical ethics and legal issues affecting the patient, student, school and clinical site. Provides the student with an overview of diagnostic medical sonography, its history and development .Emphasis is placed on learning methods, patient care techniques and issues related to sonography, introduction to ultrasound procedures, sonographic terminology, patient interviews, elementary principles of sound waves, sonographic imaging techniques, communication and cultural diversity skills, ethic and professionalism, development of critical thinking skills, legal issues, and issues concerning the clinical environment. Topics include hospital and departmental organization and proper body mechanics when scanning, safety procedures and bloodborne pathogens.

 


 

Competency Areas

Hours

History of Diagnostic Medical Sonography

Class

3

Role of the Sonographer

D. Lab

2

Learning Tools and Techniques

P. Lab/O.B.I.

3

Basic Medical Techniques and Patient Care

Credit

5

Body Mechanics and Patient Transfer Methods

 

 

Infection Control and Universal Precautions

 

 

Standard Patient Positions

 

 

Routing Scanning Planes

 

 

Verbal and Nonverbal Communication Skills

 

 

Grieving Process

 

 

Death, Dying, and Abortion Issues

 

 

Informed Patient Consent

 

 

Health Care Delivery Models

 

 

Sonographic Terminology

 

 

Resource Organizations to Sonography

 

 

Educational Options for Sonographers

 

 

Patients’ Bill of Rights

 

 

Vital Signs

 

 

Sonographic Scanning Techniques

 

 

Patient Preparations

 

 

Instrumentation and Image Manipulation

 

 

Maintenance of Clinical Records

 

 

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

 

 

Legal Issues

 

 

HIPPA Regulations in Medical Care

 

 

Employee/Employer Relationships

 

 

Proper Ergonomics

 

 


 

Prerequisite:

Program admission

Corequisite:

None

 

Course Guide

 

Competency

After completing this section, the student will be able to:

Hours

Class

D.Lab

P.Lab/

O.B.I.


 

 

 

 

Medical Sonography History

1

0

0

 

Discuss the evolutionary history of Diagnostic Medical Sonography

 

 

 

Role of the Sonographer

1

1

0

 

Define the role of the Medical Sonographer

 

 

 

 

List the specific aptitudes, abilities, and skills desirable in sonographer candidates

 

 

 

 

Discuss the role of the sonographer in patient care, signs of cardiac arrest, infection control, ethics, and professionalism.

 

 

 

Learning Tools and Techniques

1

2

00

 

Classify characteristics of the types of learning

 

 

 

 

Identify individual learning skills

 

 

 

Basic Medical Techniques and Patient Care

1

1

0

 

Discuss basic medical techniques

 

 

 

 

Perform basic patient care

 

 

 

Body Mechanics and Patient Transfer Methods

0

2

2

 

Demonstrate proper body mechanics

 

 

 

 

Perform patient transfer methods

 

 

 

Infection Control and Universal Precautions

1

0

0

 

Describe infection control methods

 

 

 

 

Discuss universal precautions in patient care

 

 

 

Standard Patient Positions

1

2

0

 

List standard patient positioning for sonography

 

 

 

 

Determine appropriate patient positions for examination

 

 

 

RoutinE Scanning Planes

1

2

8

 

List sonographic scanning planes

 

 

 

 

Create sonographic images that illustrate scanning planes utilized in sonography

 

 

 

Communication Skills

1

2

0

 

Compare and contrast different techniques of verbal communication

 

 

 

 

Identify nonverbal communication

 

 

 

 

Discuss the impact of cultural beliefs on diagnosis and treatment

 

 

 

 

Discuss multicultural variables that impact the sonographer

 

 

 

Grieving Process

1

0

0

 

Describe the grieving process:

Denial

Anger

Bargaining

Depression

Acceptance

 

 

 

Issues

1

0

0

 

Understand issues of Death & Dying

 

 

 

 

Understand issues of abortion

 

 

 

Informed Patient Consent

1

0

0

 

Describe  informed patient consent

 

 

 

Health Care Delivery Models

1

0

0

 

Describe healthcare delivery modes

 

 

 

Sonographic Terminology

1

1

2

 

Define terminology related to sonography

 

 

 

 

Demonstrate proper use of sonographic terminology

 

 

 

Resource Organizations to Sonography

1

0

0

 

Outline optional educational and training advancement for sonographers

 

 

 

Patients’ Bill of Rights

1

0

0

 

State patients’ bill of rights

 

 

 

Vital Signs

0

1

1

 

Perform vital signs

 

 

 

Sonographic Scanning Techniques

7

4

8

 

List the major specialty sonographic examinations

 

 

 

 

Demonstrate basic scanning techniques

 

 

 

Patient Preparations

1

0

0

 

Describe patient preparations

 

 

 

Instrumentation and Image Manipulation

1

1

8

 

Describe basic system functions

 

 

 

 

Perform techniques of image manipulation

 

 

 

Maintenance of Clinical Records

1

0

0

 

Describe how facilities regulate the maintenance of  clinical records

 

 

 

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

1

0

0

 

Identify Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

 

 

 

Legal Issues

1

0

0

 

Define tort and cite examples that might include sonographers

 

 

 

 

Explain the role of institutional policies in legal decision making

 

 

 

 

Identify factors contributing to a suit being instituted against a sonographer

 

 

 

 

Discuss steps sonographers should take to protect themselves against malpractice suits.

 

 

 

HIPPA Regulations in Medical Care

1

0

0

 

Describe HIPPA Regulations in medical care and the importance of patient confidentiality

 

 

 

Employee/Employer Relationships

1

0

0

 

Describe the employee/employer relationship

 

 

 

Proper Ergonomics

1

1

1

 

Discuss the prevalence, causes, and risks of musculoskeletal injuries (MSIs) in the field of sonography

 

 

 

 

Demonstrate proper ergonomic methods to prevent MSIs

 

 

 

 

List the major components of a safe scanning environment

 

 

 

 

Suggested Resources

 

Craig, Marveen. (2006) Essentials of Sonography and Patient Care (2nd ed.) Elsevier.  ISBN: 978-1-4160-0170-6

 

Curry. (2004) Exercises in Sonography (2nd ed.) W.B.Saunders. ISBN: 0-7216-9781-x (workbook)

 

Curry. (2004) Ultrasonography: An Introduction to Normal Structure and Functional Anatomy. (2nd ed.) W.B. Saunders. ISBN: 0-7216-9780-1   

 

Kremkau, F.W. (2006). Diagnostic Ultrasound: Principles and Protocols, (6th ed.) W.B.  Saunders. ISBN: 0-7216-7143-8

 

Mosby’s Pocket Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing & Health Professions. (5th ed.) Elsevier. ISBN-13: 978-0-323-03943-7

 

Netter. (2003) Atlas of Human Anatomy. (3rd ed.) W.B.Saunders. ISBN: 1-929007-11-6 

 

Rumack. Diagnostic Ultrasound. (3rd ed.) Mosby. ISBN: 0-3230-2023-2

 

Taber’s Cyclopedic Dictionary. (20th ed) F. A. Davis. ISBN13: 978-0-8036-1207-5

 

Tempkin. (2007) Utrasound Scanning, Principles and Protocols. (2nd ed.) Elsevier. ISBN13-9780-7216-0636-1