Standard

Posted: 09/05/07


 R State Standard         £ Institutionally Developed          College: N/A

 

DMS 206 – Pediatric Sonography

 

Course Description

Provides the sonography student with specialized imaging procedures for the pediatric patient, including normal anatomy, pathology and pathophysiology. Emphasis is on the pediatric abdomen, surgical abdominal conditions, pediatric hip, and the necessary skills and special considerations of the pediatric patient in terms of patient care, presenting symptoms, pathologic processes, diagnosis, and technique. Neonatal neurosonography is also presented. Topics include: normal anatomy of the abdomen in pediatric patients and associated anomalies; normal anatomy of the neonatal brain and head and associated anomalies; anatomy of pediatric hip joint and imaging techniques and associated anomalies; normal pelvic anatomy in pediatric patients and associated anomalies; procedure, indication, and protocol for pyloric stenosis and associated pathology; normal spine anatomy and associated anomalies; history and physical examination; related imaging, laboratory, and functional testing procedures; differential diagnosis; and role of ultrasound in patient management


 

Competency Areas

Hours

Normal anatomy of the abdomen in pediatric patients and associated anomalies

Class

2

Normal anatomy of neonatal brain and head and associated anomalies

D. Lab

0

Anatomy of pediatric hip joint and imaging techniques and associated anomalies

P. Lab/O.B.I.

0

Normal pelvic anatomy in pediatric patients and associated anomalies

Credit

2

Procedure, indication and protocol for pyloric stenosis and associated pathology

 

 

Normal spine anatomy and associated anomalies

 

 

History and physical examination

 

 

Related imaging, laboratory, and functional testing procedures

 

 

Differential diagnosis

 

 

Role of ultrasound in patient management

 

 


 

Prerequisite:

DMS 132, DMS 133, DMS 134, DMS 135

Corequisite:

None

 

Course Guide

 

Competency

After completing this section, the student will be able to:

Hours

Class

D.Lab

P.Lab/

O.B.I.


 

 

 

 

NORMAL ANATOMY OF THE ABDOMEN IN PEDIATRIC PATIENTS AND ASSOCIATED ANOMALIES

3

0

0

 

Identify normal anatomy of the abdomen in pediatrics

 

 

 

 

Describe the technique and protocols for scanning the pediatric abdomen

 

 

 

 

List the causes for jaundice in the neonate and pediatric patient

 

 

 

 

Distinguish obstructive from nonobstructive

jaundice

 

 

 

 

Name the sonographic findings seen in a patient with a choledochal cyst

 

 

 

 

List the common primary hepatic tumors in children

 

 

 

 

Describe the sonographic appearance of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis

 

 

 

 

List the clinical signs and sonographic findings in appendicitis

 

 

 

 

Discuss neonatal/pediatric pathology of the kidneys, urinary system and adrenal glands

 

 

 

 

Identify the sonographic findings of hydronephrosis, prune belly syndrome, multicystic dysplastic kidney, autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease, autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, renal vein thrombosis, renal and adrenal tumors, and adrenal hemorrhage

 

 

 

 

Describe the sonographic findings in intussusception

 

 

 

 

Compare and contrast the appearance of the neonatal/pediatric abdomen to the adult abdomen

 

 

 

Normal anatomy of neonatal brain and head and associated anomalies

3

0

0

 

Discuss embryology of the brain

 

 

 

 

List the sonographic images required for sonography of the neonatal brain

 

 

 

 

Name developmental abnormalities of the brain

 

 

 

 

Identify normal neuroanatomy as it pertains to sonography

 

 

 

 

Describe the sonographic appearance of abnormalities of the neonatal brain

 

 

 

 

Describe the scanning methods and protocol for neonatal echoencephalography

 

 

 

 

Discuss sonographic evaluation of neonatal brain lesions and infectious processes

 

 

 

Anatomy of pediatric hip joint and imaging techniques and associated anomalies

3

0

0

 

Describe normal anatomy of the hip joint

 

 

 

 

Identify normal anatomy of the neonatal hip on sonographic images

 

 

 

 

Describe the possible pathologic conditions of the neonatal hip

 

 

 

 

Describe the technique and protocol for sonography of the neonatal hip

 

 

 

 

Identify on sonographic images abnormal features indicative of pediatric hip abnormalities

 

 

 

Normal pelvic anatomy in pediatric patients and associated anomalies

3

0

0

 

Describe the embryology of the pelvis related to pediatric sonography

 

 

 

 

Identify normal anatomy on sonographic images of the pediatric pelvis

 

 

 

 

Discuss the technique and protocol of scanning the pediatric pelvis

 

 

 

 

Describe the possible pathologic conditions of the pediatric pelvis

 

 

 

 

Discuss pathology of the pediatric genital system

 

 

 

 

Identify pathology on sonographic images of pediatric pelvis

 

 

 

 

Compare and contrast the appearance of the neonatal pelvic anatomy to the adult pelvic anatomy.

 

 

 

Normal spine anatomy and associated anomalies

2

0

0

 

Describe normal neonatal spine anatomy

 

 

 

 

Identify the sonographic appearance of normal neonatal spine characteristics

 

 

 

 

Describe the technique and sonographic protocol for sonography of the neonatal spine

 

 

 

 

Describe the possible pathologic conditions of the neonatal spine

 

 

 

 

Identify on sonographic images abnormal findings when imaging the neonatal spine

 

 

 

History and physical examination

2

0

0

 

Describe the method of obtaining a valid history

 

 

 

 

List necessary components required for a history of various sonographic pediatric studies

 

 

 

 

List clinical indications for pediatric sonography

 

 

 

Related imaging, laboratory, and functional testing procedures

2

0

0

 

List imaging procedures, laboratory tests, and functional testing procedures related to pediatric sonography

 

 

 

Differential diagnosis

1

0

0

 

Describe alternative diagnosis that may alter patient management

 

 

 

Role of ultrasound in patient management

1

0

0

 

Identify age specific communication in treatment of pediatric patients

 

 

 

 

Discuss special techniques sonographers might use when scanning pediatric patients

 

 

 

 

Suggested Resources

 

Craig, Marveen. (2006) Essentials of Sonography and Patient Care (2nd ed.) Elsevier.  ISBN: 978-1-4160-0170-6

 

Curry. (2004) Exercises in Sonography Ultrasonography: An Introduction to Normal Structure and Functional Anatomy (2nd ed.) W.B.Saunders. ISBN: 0-7216-9781-x (workbook)

 

Curry. (2004) Ultrasonography: An Introduction to Normal Structure and Functional Anatomy. (2nd ed.) W.B. Saunders. ISBN: 0-7216-9780-1   

 

Hagen-Ansert, (2007). Textbook of Diagnostic Ultrasonography. (6thed.) Mosby. ISBN-13: 978-0-323-04203-1

 

Kremkau, F.W. (2006). Diagnostic Ultrasound: Principles and Protocols, (6th ed.) W.B.  Saunders. ISBN: 0-7216-7143-8

 

Mosby’s Pocket Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing & Health Professions. (5th ed.) Elsevier. ISBN-13: 978-0-323-03943-7

 

Netter. (2003) Atlas of Human Anatomy. (3rd ed.) W.B.Saunders. ISBN: 1-929007-11-6 

 

Rumack. Diagnostic Ultrasound. (3rd ed.) Mosby. ISBN: 0-3230-2023-2

 

Sanders, R. (2006) Clinical Sonography, a practical guide. (4th ed.) Lippincott. ISBN: 0-7817-4869-0

 

Taber’s Cyclopedic Dictionary. (20th ed) F. A. Davis. ISBN13: 978-0-8036-1207-5

 

Tempkin. (2007) Utrasound Scanning, Principles and Protocols. (2nd ed.) Elsevier. ISBN13-9780-7216-0636-1