Standard

 

MLT 103 - Urinalysis/Body Fluids

Course Description

Provides theory and techniques required to conduct tests on urine and various body fluids. Theory and tests are related to disease states and diagnosis. Topics include: theory of urinalysis; physical, chemical, and microscopic urinalysis; urinalysis and disease state correlation; special urinalysis and related testing; body fluids tests; and safety and quality control.

 

Competency Areas

Hours

 

Fundamental Theory of Urinalysis

Class

2

Basic Urinalysis Tests

D. Lab

0

Correlation of Urinalysis to Disease States

P. Lab/O.B.I.

3

Special Urinalysis and Related Testing

Credit

3

Body Fluids Tests

 

 

Safety and Quality Control

 

 

 

Prerequisite/ Corequisite:

BIO 193, BIO 194, AHS 104, MLT 101

 

Course Guide

 

Competency

After completing this section, the student will:

Hours

Class

D.Lab

P.Lab/

O.B.I.

FUNDAMENTAL THEORY OF URINALYSIS

2

0

0

History

Discuss kidney physiology in the formation of urine.

 

 

 

BASIC URINALYSIS TESTS

10

0

24

Macroscopic exam

Describe the anatomy and physiology of the urinary system.

 

 

 

 

Describe various methods and applications of urine collection.

 

 

 

 

Perform clarity, color, and specific gravity.

 

 

 

Chemical dipstick

Perform routine chemical urinalysis including pH, protein, glucose, ketones, bilirubin, blood, nitrite, urobilinogen, and leukocyte esterase.

 

 

 

 

Explain clinical significance of routine biochemical tests.

 

 

 

 

Discuss principles of routine biochemical tests.

 

 

 

 

Give normal values for routine biochemical tests.

 

 

 

Confirmatory test

Perform confirmatory tests as indicated.

 

 

 

 

Explain principles of confirmatory tests.

 

 

 

 

Discuss clinical significance of confirmatory tests.

 

 

 

Microscopic exam

Perform microscopic urinalysis including significant element identification in urinary sediment.

 

 

 

 

Explain the significance of the microscopic exam.

 

 

 

 

Give normal values of the microscopic urinalysis exam.

 

 

 

CORRELATION OF URINALYSIS TO DISEASE STATES

2

0

0

Correlation

Correlate selected normal macroscopic and microscopic characteristics of urine examination including crystals, microorganisms, and artifacts.

 

 

 

 

Correlate selected pathological macroscopic and microscopic characteristics of urine examination including crystals, microorganisms, and artifacts.

 

 

 

SPECIAL URINALYSIS AND RELATED TESTING

3

0

0

Related tests

Explain the clinical significance of osmolality, renal function tests, quantitative tests, aminoaciduria, porphyrins, melanin, indican, haptoglobin, hemosiderin, myoglobin, and Bence-Jones protein.

 

 

 

BODY FLUIDS TESTS

2

0

4

Analyses

Perform routine analysis tests on related body fluids.

 

 

 

 

Determine the clinical significance of various body fluid analyses including gastrics, seminal fluids, CSF, feces, transudates, and exudates.

 

 

 

SAFETY AND QUALITY CONTROL       

1

0

2

Procedures

Set up and perform selected quality control and safety procedures for urinalysis.

 

 

 

 

Discuss possible sources of error in biochemical testing.

 

 

 

 

Suggested Resources

 

Books

ASCP (2000) Board of Registry Study Guide. Chicago: ASCP Press.

Free, H. M. (1987). Modern urine chemistry. Elkhart, IN: Miles Laboratories.

Harr, R.R. (2000) Clinical Laboratory Science Review. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis.

McBride, L.J. (1998) Textbook of Urinalysis and Body Fluids. Philadelphia: Lippincott.

Strasinger, S.K. (2001). Urinalysis and Body Fluids, 4th ed. Philadelphia: FA Davis.

 

CD-ROMS

Urinalysis-Tutor, Lippincott (1995)

CLIA Competency Testing/ Urinalysis, MediaLab, Inc.