Standard

Rev.11.26.03

SUR 110 - Surgical Pharmacology

Course Description

Introduces the fundamentals of intraoperative pharmacology, and emphasizes concepts of anesthesia administration. Topics include: weights and measurements, drug conversions, interpretation of drug orders, legal aspects of drug administration, intraoperative pharmacologic agents, and anesthesia fundamentals.

 

Competency Areas

Hours

Weights and Measurements

Class

2

Drug Conversions

D. Lab

2

Interpretation of Drug Orders

P. Lab/O.B.I.

0

Legal Aspects of Drug Administration

Credit

3

Intraoperative Pharmacologic Agents

 

 

Anesthesia Fundamentals

 

 

 

 

 

Prerequisite:

SUR 101; SUR 108; SUR 109 and PSY 101 (diploma), or PSY 191 (degree)

Corequisite:

SUR 101,SUR 102, SUR 109

 

Course Guide

 

Competency

After completing this section, the student will:

Hours

Class

D.Lab

P.Lab/

O.B.I.

WEIGHTS AND MEASUREMENTS

5

7

0

Measurements

Demonstrate a working knowledge of basic math.

 

 

 

 

Pour solutions accurately.

 

 

 

 

Measure solutions accurately.

 

 

 

 

Measure solutions accurately.

 

 

 

 

Accurately mix drugs.

 

 

 

DRUG CONVERSIONS

4

6

0

 

Convert equivalent units of one system to another.

 

 

 

 

Identify equivalent units of one system to another.

 

 

 

 

Identify the units of each system

 

 

 

INTERPRETATION OF DRUG ORDERS

2

6

0

Care and handling of drugs and solutions

Discuss care and precautions in identifying drugs and solutions.

 

 

 

 

Demonstrate safe practice in transferring drugs and solutions from the nonsterile to sterile field.

 

 

 

 

Demonstrate the procedure for identifying a drug or solution on the sterile field.

 

 

 

LEGAL ASPECTS OF DRUG ADMINISTRATION

1

0

0

Legal Aspects

Explain legal ramifications of improper drug/solution handling.

 

 

 

 

Describe the surgical technologist's legal responsibility in the handling of drugs and solutions.

 

 

 

 

Discuss specific OR incidents that could potentially result in litigation.

 

 

 

INTRAOPERATIVE PHARMACOLOGIC AGENTS

5

6

0

Terminology

Define general terminology regarding drug purposes and actions.

 

 

 

 

Identify common abbreviations associated with drug use.

 

 

 

 

Identify the most common units of measure associated with drug use.

 

 

 

Drugs used in surgery

Describe the action, uses, and modes of administration of drugs used in the care of the surgical patient.

 

 

 

 

Describe drug side effects and contraindications for use.

 

 

 

 

Demonstrate the five "R's" of pharmacology.

 

 

 

 

Demonstrate the five "R's" of pharmacology.

 

 

 

ANESTHESIA FUNDAMENTALS

3

5

0

Anesthesia

Describe factors that influence anesthesia selection for individual patients.

 

 

 

 

List commonly prescribed preoperative medications.

 

 

 

 

Explain the reasons a preoperative medication is given.

 

 

 

 

List various types of anesthesia.

 

 

 

 

Describe various types of anesthesia.

 

 

 

 

Explain different methods by which an anesthetic may be administered.

 

 

 

 

List commonly used anesthetic drugs.

 

 

 

 

Describe commonly used anesthetic drugs.

 

 

 

 

Describe the etiology, clinical manifestations, and management of malignant hyperthermia.

 

 

 

 

Suggested Resources

 

Suggested Resources include textbooks shown below or most current edition.

Books

Allmers, N., & Verderame, A. (1997). Appleton & Lange's review for the surgical technology examination, ARCO (4th ed.). East Norwalk, CT: Appleton & Lange.

Association of Operating Room Nurses. (1990). AORN standards and recommended practices for perioperative nursing (rev ed.). Denver: Author.

Association of Surgical Technologists. Core curriculum for surgical technology (3rd 5th ed.). Littleton, CO: Association of Surgical Technologists.

Atkinson, L. J., & Kohn, M. J. (2003). Berry & Kohn's introduction to operating room technique (10th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Fuller, J. 2003). Surgical technology: Principles and practice (4th ed.). Philadelphia: Saunders.

Rothrock, J. (2002). Alexander's care of the patient in surgery (12th ed.). St. Louis: Mosby.

Thomas, C. L. (Ed.). (2001). Taber's cyclopedic medical dictionary (19th ed.). Nursing 98 drug handbook. (1998). Springhouse, PA: Intermed Communications.

Snyder, K. & Keegan, C. (1999). Pharmacology for the Surgical Technologist. Saunders. Philadelphia ISBN 0-7216-6321-4

Audiovisuals

Apothecary measure [Film]. Garden Grove, CA: Trainex.

I'm not a small adult: Nursing care of the pediatric patient in surgery, DG-1066 [Film]. Danbury, CT: American College of Surgeons.

Local anesthesia: Implications for the perioperative nurse, DG 1604 [Film]. Danbury, CT: Davis & Geck.

Medicating the elderly [Film]. City, State: AJN.

Metric system [Film]. Garden Grove, CA: Trainex.

Pain and healing [Film]. New York: WNET.

Prevention of medication errors [Film]. Philadelphia: Lippincott.